The History of the Sump Pump Part 2

Welcome back to Fura International’s blog! We’re delighted to discuss the mechanics of your new submersible pump or self-priming pumps. If you have any questions about our products, such as our best submersible pumps, basins, or motors please feel free to contact us! This time, our article is going to discuss the notable historical events that led to the discovery and implementation of the sump pump into most homes. As previously mentioned, it’s a legal requirement in some states for your home to have a submersible pump. It’s a major home utility that protects the foundation of your house from dangerous water runoff that can cost thousands to repair and, of course, your submersible pump protects from undue flood damage for houses located on floodplains.

Last Time

We left off during the Italian Renaissance. It took quite a few more years for pump technology to progress again. In 1636, a form of sophisticated water pump surfaced as an innovation in gardening convenience. It’s actually a form of the double deep-toothed rotary gear pump which is used today to lubricate engines.The pump was created by Pappenheim, who placed his machine by a moving water wheel residing in a stream and used the motion to pump water to feed water fountains. This is a similar idea to the submersible pump beneath your house right now! Using a propeller within the pump, it filters the water and is able to push it out of your basement, in this case, the mill in the stream works in the same way.

Almost the Sump Pump

In 1675, Sir Samuel Moreland- a spy, diplomat, inventor, and English academic patented the “packed plunger pump”. It was capable of lifting large quantities of water with way less proportion of strength than other pumps. The piston in his pump used a leather seal and was the first pump to use a piston rod and packed in cylinder to displace water. Based off of this discovery, Denis Papin was able to develop the first true centrifugal pump with straight vanes that was used for local drainage, in other words, it was the closest we’d ever gotten to creating a rudimentary version of your sump pump.

Fluid Dynamics

After that, Bernoulli published the theory of fluid dynamics in his book Hydrodynamica which obviously had huge effects on the development of pump technology. It stated the principle of an “inviscid flow”—a flow without frictional obstacles—would be created by increasing the speed of the fluid which occurs simultaneously with a decrease in the fluid’s potential energy, or pressure. It’s loosely known as Bernoulli’s equation and is applied to various types of fluid flow studies.

Finding the Power

The idea that your submersible pump functions off of are essentially hydro-electricity created by rotary motion. These ideas bubble down to the discoveries made by James Watt, who would eventually also invent the steam engine’s connecting rod crank. This made it possible to convert a piston’s motion into rotary motion, much like the fan, or rotary blade currently housed in your submersible pump’s main chamber. This forces the liquid to do complete revolutions in a chamber and provides force to send that same liquid through outlets like the pipe that will lead that same runoff water away from your house. The next idea that fuels your sump pump is Henry R. Worthington’s direct-acting steam pump engine. This would pioneer the mechanics of the boiler feed, oil pipeline, and hydro-electricity which is what powers your submersible pump. This was pulled together in 1849 when Seabury S. Gould created the world’s first all-metal pump just like the one in your basement.

These innovations were drawn out over long periods of time making the submersible pump at work under your home a true marvel of human tenacity and improvement. Respect it and get it repaired and worked on often. If you’re ever in need of a new submersible pump, be sure to think of Fura International. We've proudly sold our high-quality submersible pumps for years and provide a Top Rated Ecommerce badge to prove it! Our extensive catalog is sure to be as reliable as the human spirit for innovation, check out our motors and self-priming pumps now!